Concept for Developing Transport Infrastructure

Its location at the crossroads of transport routes, the character of the area with its intense urbanisation, and the polycentric arrangement of the agglomeration with its intense primary production and processing industries mean the Moravian-Silesian Region is predestined to attract transit, destination and source traffic.

A comprehensively conceived and well-balanced Concept for Developing Transport Infrastructure for the Moravian-Silesian Region was prepared in 2002–2003 based on the Regional Development Programme. The transport concept was based on the area’s functional divisions at the time, and aimed to promote solutions where the urban structure and the transport network would be linked to requirements for environmental quality and provision of favourable social conditions in a mutually balanced relationship, without any worsening or possible threatening of living conditions for future generations.

Locating a strategic investor in Nošovice and its direct regional and cross-border cooperation links, leading to an immediate direct impact on the operation and development of the region’s transport infrastructure, were among the basic conditions necessary for an evaluation of the concept. At its core, the evaluation of the Concept involved not the creation of new documents, but rather taking thorough stock of the current situation, assessing the impact of expected changes in transport (the transport infrastructure load model) and designing the coordination of infrastructure projects and transport management. The objective behind updating the proposal was to propose practical, financial, scheduling and organisational measures to ensure the sustainability, serviceability and safety of the region’s transport infrastructure as a whole.

The evaluation was based mainly on Government Resolution No. 550, dated 10 May 2006, through which the state defined various infrastructure needed to cover the Region’s anticipated economic development, including a planned timetable for its construction. The evaluation was in this context the next logical step necessary to ensure continuity in the national and regional concept of transport infrastructure development. The evaluation reviewed the original plans pursued in the Concept: relationships between them, their sequence and the impact of the Government’s development plan for the national transport network (i.e. motorways, expressways, transit rail corridors, high-speed rails, waterways and backbone international airports) and, where appropriate, the impact of documents received in the time since the approval of the Concept, specifically in these planning periods:

  • Within 5 years – (gradual opening of the D47, the R48, Nošovice Strategic Industrial Zone, Leoš Janáček Airport Ostrava, Mošnov Industrial Zone and other sites in the region’s backbone road and rail network);
  • In 5-10 years – (period after completion of these development plans, emphasising the completion of a network for transport accessibility in the wider region);
  • long-term.

The preparation and approval of the study entitled “Assessment of the Concept for the Development of the Transport Infrastructure in the Moravian-Silesian Region” was completed on 26 June 2008 in accordance with Regional Assembly Resolution No 24/2096, on the basis of which the Council approved this document.

The regional priority development axis is the North-South (Baltic - Adriatic) European Axis, both in terms of transport and transport infrastructure, and also the broader aspects of economic, social and cultural development. The North-South corridor of the Silesian Crossroads, as the dominant transport route in the Region and through the Eastern European area, and also the principle route running between the southern and northern ports, which specifically connects the important European agglomerations of Vienna and Katowice, is designated within the Moravian-Silesian Region as the D1 motorway and the E462 international route (roads I/48 and D48), the 2nd Railway Transit Corridor (E 40, E 65 Přerov – Bohumín) and the high-speed rail link, including Ostrava Leoš Janáček Airport.

The Silesian Crossroads - East corridor (Ostrava – Český Těšín – Žilina) is defined by the I/11 (I/68; E75) road and the route of the 3rd Railway Transit Corridor (E 40 Bohumín - Mosty u Jablunkova). This transport route connects the "A" and the "B" branches of the 7th Multimodal Corridor across the Region. This route specifically links the important Katowice - Ostrava – Žilina supra-regional agglomeration.

The Silesian Crossroads - West corridor (Ostrava – Opava – Krnov – Opole) in the Moravian-Silesian Region is defined by the I/11 and I/57 roads (Ostrava - Opava - Bartultovice - Opole) and the Ostrava - Opava - Krnov - Glucholazy railway line. This transport route across the Region connects the major regional centres of the Opolskie Voivodeship and the Moravian-Silesian Region with the Ostrava agglomeration; it is the specific interconnection point between the border areas of Opava and Krnov with the Polish units at the NUTS III level (i.e., the Nyski and the Opolski subregions).

The Concept for the Development of Transport Infrastructure defines the phased completion of the communications network, including its prospective completion after 2018. We can now state that the D1 motorway has been completed and commissioned in the Region, while route E462 is being modernised to become a directionally-divided dual carriageway. On the eastern branch of the Silesian Crossroads in Třanovice, route I/11 (I/68) is being connected to the D48 motorway. On the western branch a bypass at Velká Polom and Hrabyně has been opened and a connection to Rudná Street constructed. A northern bypass for Opava is being prepared on the I/57 road, and a northwest bypass for Krnov on the I/11 road.

In regard to the railway network, the modernisation of the 2nd Railway Transit Corridor has been completed, while the modernisation of the 3rd Railway Transit Corridor in the direction of Slovakia is continuing in relation to the fading effects of mining in the Karviná region. The modernisation of already existing stations (e.g., Ostrava Svinov) and the construction of new railway stations is of great importance in regard to regional rail transport. This involved the following stations in the Region: Ostrava-Stodolní, Třinec-město and Frenštát pod Radhoštěm-město, while the construction of the Ostrava-Zábřeh station is currently in preparation.

The construction of the new “Ostrava Leoš Janáček Airport – rail connection” line is a unique achievement. The construction was implemented by the Moravian-Silesian Region with assistance from the resources of OP Transport. Technically, this is an electrified track with a length of 2.903 km that was connected to the existing network at 6.529 km of the regional railway from Studénka to Veřovice. The track ends at the Mošnov railway station at Ostrava Airport with direct roofed access to the airport terminal building. The track is a public transport route, enabling use by both passenger and freight trains with unrestricted access. Regular operation for passengers was initiated on 13 April 2015. The transport service is provided by České dráhy, a.s. as a public service obligation. This new railway ensures a functioning transport link between the airport and the development zones in Mošnov.

In order to complete the road and railway backbone transport network, as well as the related logistics, air transport and economy, the Moravian-Silesian Region has been actively involved in the preparation of Regulation (EU) No 1315/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Union guidelines for the development of the trans-European transport network (TEN-T). The TEN-T network is defined at two levels – the main network and the global network – in Regulation (EU) No 1315/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 on Union guidelines for the development of the trans-European transport network and repealing Decision No 661/2010/EU (TEN-T). In principle, it can be stated that the main network includes the D1 motorway, the 2nd and 3rd Railway Transit Corridors, including the Ostrava - Havířov - Český Těšín rail line and Ostrava Leoš Janáček Airport as the airport of the main city node of Ostrava. The global network includes the D48 motorway and the rerouting of road I/11 as a link between the D48 and the state border with Slovakia. The Moravian-Silesian Region also promotes the inclusion of the Silesian Crossroads - West corridor in the Ostrava - Opava - Krnov - Bartultovice - Opole direction in the global TEN-T network.

The Region is also intersected by the routes of two major transport corridors of the main trans-European network. The North-South Baltic-Adriatic Corridor, which represents one of the most important trans-European road and rail axes, is crucial for the Region. This corridor connects the ports of the Baltic Sea with the Adriatic Sea, and also extends across the industrial areas of southern Poland (Upper Silesia), from where it continues through the Moravian-Silesian Region towards Vienna and Bratislava and further on through the eastern regions of the Alps and northern Italy. The Rhine-Danube Corridor runs through the southern part of the Region, providing a link from the central area of the EU around Strasbourg and Frankfurt to the Black Sea, while an important branch runs through Prague and Žilina to the border with Ukraine.

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