Child Protection

What is child protection?

Child protection especially means protecting the rights of children to a favourable environment for them to grow and for their proper upbringing, protecting the legitimate interests of children including protection of their property and taking action toward reconciling dysfunctional families while providing a substitute family environment for children who can not be permanently or temporarily reared by their own families.

Who is charged with child protection?

It is handled primarily by child protection authorities, namely:

Child protection is furthermore provided by municipalities and the region in separately vested powers and by other legal entities, as well as individuals – non-government, non-profit organizations if child protection powers are vested in them (so-called “authorised entities”).

Where does child protection focus?

Child protection involves all children under 18 years of age. It especially concerns children whose families cannot or do not wish to care for them, children placed in the care of someone besides their parents, children with behavioural disorders or at risk of developing such disorders, children who have been victims of criminal offences, children at risk of having their parents placed on a recurring or long-term basis in facilities providing continuous care, children at risk from violence between their parents or guardians, children who have applied for international protection and others. Social tutelage concentrates on “follow-up” care and on children over 18, where details are provided by law.

What role do regional authorities play in child protection?

  1. They provide social and legal protection and also organise and mediate foster care in the region (Child Protection Act 359/1999 Coll., as amended).
  2. They establish and administer expert child care advice facilities, social education facilities and facilities for children needing immediate assistance, provided such facilities have been established or taken over (Sec. 39 of the Child Protection Act 359/1999 Coll., as amended).
  3. They decide on whether to grant government assistance for establishing facilities for children requiring immediate assistance and on changes to and suspension or payment of this assistance (Sec. 42h, 42l and 42n of the Child Protection Act 359/1999 Coll., as amended).
  4. They issue and revoke certification to provide child protection (Sec. 49, 49a and 50 of the Child Protection Act 359/1999 Coll., as amended).
  5. They keep maintain lists of children in order to arrange adoptions or foster care, of applicants suitable to become foster or adoptive parents and of people that can provide temporary foster care.
  6. After a professional assessment, it issues the decision to register applicants as suitable to become foster or adoptive parents or able to provide temporary foster care; furthermore these authorities decide on their deregistration where conditions have been violated or have not been fulfilled (Sec. 24c).
  7. They mediate adoption and foster care in conjunction with other regional authorities and cooperate with the Ministry and with the Office for International Legal Protection of Children (Sec. 24, 24b, 24d and 25 of the Child Protection Act 359/1999 Coll., as amended).
  8. They provide consultation in relation to adoption of a child or placement of a child in foster care.
  9. Through their public-benefit corporations, they train individuals suitable to become adoptive or foster parents; this includes preparation for temporary foster care (Sec. 11(2)).
  10. They search the region’s records for suitable applicants for adoption of a particular child or placing it in foster care.
  11. They visit orphanages and children’s centres to help to prepare documents related to the professional assessment of children, and they comment on how appropriate certain forms of foster care are.
  12. They supervise child protection.
  13. They discuss administrative offences pursuant to Sec. 59 of the Child Protection Act (Act 359/1999 Coll. on Child Protection, as amended).
  14. When requested to do so, they report a child’s situation to the court, public prosecutor, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs and/or the Office for International Legal Protection of Children in Brno.
  15. The Regional Authority is responsible for supporting and inspecting district authorities, municipalities with expanded competence and authorised entities, and is likewise the appellate child protection authority.

Basic Legislation

  • Act 2/1993 Coll., Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child
  • Act 359/1999 Coll., on child protection
  • Act 89/2012 Coll., Civil Code
  • Act 500/2004 Coll., Administrative Code
  • Act 218/2003 Coll., on juvenile liability for unlawful acts and on juvenile justice
  • Act 109/2002 Coll., on provision of institutional and protective education in schools and on preventive healthcare in schools
  • Act 292/2013 Coll., on special court proceedings
  • Act 99/1963 Coll., Civil Court Procedures Code
  • Act 40/2009 Coll., Penal Code

Family law was governed primarily by the Family Act until the end of 2013. The new Civil Code reincorporated family law back into the Civil Code. When the new Civil Code came into force, the Family Act ceased to be effective. The new Civil Code once again regulates certain provisions of family law and restoring some institutions that Czech law had earlier recognised (e.g. adoption of adults), while also introducing new institutions that have proved effective abroad (e.g. family businesses). Family law in the new Civil Code is composed of several basic thematic pillars: marriage, marital property law, kinship, adoption, maintenance obligations and other forms of childcare.

Child Protection Contacts in the Moravian-Silesian Region

Mgr. Eva Hrbáčková, Head of Department,
tel. č. 595 622 590

Bc. Kateřina Barabaschová,
tel. č. 595 622 467

Mgr. Žaneta Hečková,
tel. č. 595 622 976

Mgr. Zuzana Klimszová
tel. č. 595 622 147

Mgr. Pavla Krestová
tel. č. 595 622 644

Mgr. Radek Maňák
tel. č. 595 622 428

Bc. Andrea Prasková, DiS.
tel. č. 595 622 799

Bc. Kateřina Sokolová,,
tel. č. 595 622 453

Bc. Renata Ševečková
tel. č. 595 622 485

Mgr. Renáta Zapletalová, DiS.,
tel. č. 595 622 765

District Courts in the Moravian-Silesian Region

Bruntál District Court, Partyzánská 11, 792 01 Bruntál

Frýdek-Místek District Court, Na Poříčí 3206, 738 13 Frýdek – Místek

Karviná District Court, park Bedřicha Smetany 176/5, 733 31 Karviná – Fryštát

Karviná District Court, Havířov Office, Dlouhá třída 1647/46a, 736 01 Havířov-Podlesí

Nový Jičín District Court, Tyršova 1010/3, 742 11 Nový Jičín

Opava District Court, Olomoucká 27, 746 77 Opava

Ostrava District Court, U Soudu 4/6187, 708 82 Ostrava-Poruba

Useful Websites

This page is also available in Czech / Tato stránka je k dispozici také v češtině