Land-use planning (town and country planning or spatial planning) is a tool for land-use organisation. It is an activity within which several interests must be balanced: the administration’s interest in developing the municipality or region, the interests of relevant public interest advocates and ultimately private interests. When searching for solutions, the land’s sustainable development has to be taken into account, i.e. a relationship between the conditions for the environment, economic development and population cohesion.

The Plan (Master Plan) creates conditions for development, and in the public interest it protects and develops land’s natural, cultural and civilisation values, including its urban, architectural and archaeological heritage. At the same time, it protects the landscape as an important component of the environment of life. In this respect, it determines the conditions for economical use of built-up areas, and it protects undeveloped land. The tools for land-use planning are non-statutory planning materials, land-use planning documentation and the Czech Republic’s Spatial Development Policy.

Land-use planning is governed especially by Act 183/2006 Coll., on town and country planning and building code (Building Act), as amended and Implementing Notices 500/2006 Coll. and 501/2006 Coll.

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